Docker实现NextCloud全面SSL部署
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lovecatc
2020年10月19日
  • 用NextCloud也有相当一段时间了,但是之前自己用的时候都是直接http裸奔,或者简单的用Nginx在最外加一层SSL,请求进来之后仍然是按http处理。这次群友给了一台机器玩,正好有机会来完整配置一遍NextCloud的服务。

    默认机器上已经安装docker和docker-composed。

    Step 1 Docker-Compose文件

    version: '3'
    
    services:
        mysql:
            image: mariadb:10
            restart: always
            volumes: 
                - NextCloud/db:/var/lib/mysql
            environment:
                - MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=root
                - MYSQL_DATABASE=nextcloud
                - MYSQL_USER=nextcloud
                - MYSQL_PASSWORD=nextcloud
        nextcloud:
            image: nextcloud:20.0.0-fpm
            restart: always
            volumes:
                - NextCloud/app/html:/var/www/html
                - NextCloud/app/custom_apps:/var/www/html/custom_apps
                - NextCloud/app/config:/var/www/html/config
                - NextCloud/app/data:/var/www/html/data
            links:
                - mysql
            ports:
                - 1080:80
        nginx:
            image: nginx
            restart: always
            volumes:
                - NextCloud/web/conf.d:/etc/nginx/conf.d
                - NextCloud/web/ssl_certs:/etc/nginx/ssl_certs
                - NextCloud/app/html:/var/www/html
            links:
                - mysql
                - nextcloud
            ports:
                - 80:80
                - 443:443

    在此文件的目录下使用sudo docker-compose up -d即可自动拉取镜像并完成启动。

    Step 2 nextcloud.conf

    在上文的NextCloud/web/conf.d中需要加入NextCloud正常处理任务所需的conf文件。以下配置文件是参考官网配置给出。

    upstream php-handler {
        # 此处改为容器名
        server nextcloud:9000;
        #server unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
    }
    
    # 注意修改下方的域名和证书配置
    
    server {
        listen 80;
        listen [::]:80;
        server_name cloud.example.com;
        # enforce https
        return 301 https://$server_name:443$request_uri;
    }
    
    server {
        listen 443 ssl http2;
        listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
        server_name cloud.example.com;
    
        # Use Mozilla's guidelines for SSL/TLS settings
        # https://mozilla.github.io/server-side-tls/ssl-config-generator/
        # NOTE: some settings below might be redundant
        ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.crt;
        ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.key;
    
        # Add headers to serve security related headers
        # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into this
        # topic first.
        #add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;" always;
        #
        # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
        # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
        # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
        # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
        # could take several months.
        add_header Referrer-Policy "no-referrer" always;
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff" always;
        add_header X-Download-Options "noopen" always;
        add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN" always;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none" always;
        add_header X-Robots-Tag "none" always;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block" always;
    
        # Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
        fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;
    
        # Path to the root of your installation
        # 注意修改目录为NextCloud/app/html
        root /var/www/nextcloud;
    
        location = /robots.txt {
            allow all;
            log_not_found off;
            access_log off;
        }
    
        # The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
        # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
        #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
        #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json last;
    
        # The following rule is only needed for the Social app.
        # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
        #rewrite ^/.well-known/webfinger /public.php?service=webfinger last;
    
        location = /.well-known/carddav {
          return 301 $scheme://$host:$server_port/remote.php/dav;
        }
        location = /.well-known/caldav {
          return 301 $scheme://$host:$server_port/remote.php/dav;
        }
    
        # set max upload size
        client_max_body_size 512M;
        fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
    
        # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
        gzip on;
        gzip_vary on;
        gzip_comp_level 4;
        gzip_min_length 256;
        gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
        gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;
    
        # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
        # This module is currently not supported.
        #pagespeed off;
    
        location / {
            rewrite ^ /index.php;
        }
    
        location ~ ^\/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)\/ {
            deny all;
        }
        location ~ ^\/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
            deny all;
        }
    
        location ~ ^\/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|oc[ms]-provider\/.+|.+\/richdocumentscode\/proxy)\.php(?:$|\/) {
            fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(\/.*|)$;
            set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;
            try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;
            include fastcgi_params;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
            fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
            # Avoid sending the security headers twice
            fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
            # Enable pretty urls
            fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
            fastcgi_pass php-handler;
            fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
            fastcgi_request_buffering off;
        }
    
        location ~ ^\/(?:updater|oc[ms]-provider)(?:$|\/) {
            try_files $uri/ =404;
            index index.php;
        }
    
        # Adding the cache control header for js, css and map files
        # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
        location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff2?|svg|gif|map)$ {
            try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
            add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
            # Add headers to serve security related headers (It is intended to
            # have those duplicated to the ones above)
            # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into
            # this topic first.
            #add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;" always;
            #
            # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
            # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
            # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
            # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
            # could take several months.
            add_header Referrer-Policy "no-referrer" always;
            add_header X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff" always;
            add_header X-Download-Options "noopen" always;
            add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN" always;
            add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none" always;
            add_header X-Robots-Tag "none" always;
            add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block" always;
    
            # Optional: Don't log access to assets
            access_log off;
        }
    
        location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg|bcmap|mp4|webm)$ {
            try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
            # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
            access_log off;
        }
    }

    Step 3 SSL证书申请

    本来只想写上面两段的,但是感觉太水了,所以想想还是把这个也一起写了,也便于之后查看。

    目前笔者使用的证书申请手段来自于GitHub项目Crypt-LE。这是一个使用命令行即可完成证书申请的工具。支持泛域名激活。一次激活有效期90天。更详细的介绍和用法,都可以在项目主页查看。

    Requirements

    笔者最常用Debian发行版,因此此处只以Debian为例。

    sudo apt install make gcc libssl-dev

    Installation

    经笔者测试,安装Crypt-LE最简单的方法就是使用cpanm安装。手动编译将是一个十分折磨的过程。

    sudo apt install cpanminus
    sudo cpanm Crypt::LE

    安装完成后,使用re.pl测试是否成功安装。

    Usage

    在此提供一个用于泛域名激活的脚本。脚本采用DNS Challenge的方式完成认证。更多用法请查询项目主页。

    #!/bin/bash
    #Nginx使用.crt和.csr.key作为证书和私钥
    
    domain="YOUR_DOMAIN_HERE"
    
    le.pl\
        --generate-missing\
        --email YOUR_EMAIL_HERE\
        --key $domain.key\
        --csr $domain.csr\
        --csr-key $domain.csr.key\
        --crt $domain.crt\
        --domains "*.$domain, $domain"\
        --handle-as dns\
        --live
    本文作者:lovecatc
    本文链接:https://lovecatc.com/index.php/archives/29/
    最后修改时间:2020-10-18 20:13:52
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